Accelerating Agriculture Productivity Improvement (AAPI)

   November 2016
  • 9 field demonstration
  • 57 demo crop cut
  • Regular field visits
  • Monitoring of briquette production

Upcoming AAPI Events
Copyright© 2016, IFDC-AAPI. All right reserved.

2.    DAE Officials Training 
The training of extension staff is a training of trainers (TOT) course designed and delivered by the AAPI agriculture specialists and the training team. The trained SAAOs become the farmer trainers. The SAAOs trained in previous quarters continue as trainers in coming seasons.

3.    Training of Briquette Producers/Fertilizer Dealers
Briquette producers/ fertilizer dealers are provided training in two parts: technical training on production, machine operation and maintenance; and training on business management and accounting. Technical training is a one-day course with 25 owners and 25 machine operators. The business management and accounting training is a two-day residential course with 25 owners only.
Table 1: AAPI Program Components and Objectives
Program component
Improved agricultural productivity
Rapidly diffuse FDP in rice crop to attain 80% adoption.
FDP use in other crops.
Emphasis on improved soil nutrient management.
Strengthened private sector capacity to improve farmers' access to appropriate technology
Expand private sector network to achieve 1,800 micro enterprises servicing farmer demand.
Improved pro-market policy environment
Improve enterprise access to raw materials, improve market transparency, identify restrictive policies and provide analyses and policy papers.
Strengthened support systems to facilitate sustainability
Strengthen capacity of government to monitor soil nutrient conditions, upgrade crop specific soil nutrient management information, improve capacity of DAE field staff in FDP technology, provide a monitoring and regulatory function
In aiming for these objectives, the project will deliver several outputs, including:

  • 1,800,000 hectares of rice fertilized with FDP products;
  • One or more FDP applicators introduced and adopted by farmers;
  • 1,800 small businesses produce Guti urea and NPK briquettes for farmers;
  • 800,000 trained farmers (of which at least 20% are women)
  • Monthly fertilizer market information reports; and
  • Trained DAE staff participate in FDP and AWD extension, including farmer training, demonstrations, field days, and other activities; and
  • FDP technology included in the DAE curriculum.

1.    Farmer Training on Fertilizer Deep Placement (FDP)/Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD)

The farmer training programs are designed to improve farmer knowledge of crop management in general, with emphasis on increasing awareness and knowledge of soil fertility management and the role of FDP, AWD and use of good quality seeds. The programs are one-day events with the trained SAAO or NGO as the resource person. In some instances, in the absence of a trained trainer, the FMO is the resource person. The FMO is responsible for the administration according to guidelines set by the project. This arrangement helps build the farmer training into the mainstream of DAE and NGO field programs. Trainings are provided to farmers to transfer technological knowledge. 
Guidelines for AAPI Activities
Farmers Training on FDP/AWD
DAE Officials Training (TOT)  
Training of Briquette Producers/Fertilizer Dealers
FDP Demonstrations 
Field Trials
Media Coverage
6.     Field Days
Field days are organized for farmer to observe the method and results of the demonstrations and trials, they are held in two stages of demonstrations and trials in a season. Fifty percent of the field days are organized at maximum tillering stage and the remainder at harvesting. Local leaders such as the Union Parishad (UP) member, UP chairman, upazila Parishad chairman/vice chairman and DAE personnel usually attend the field day.

At tillering stage of the field days, the farmers mainly observe the physical differences - color of the plants, number of tillers per hill, plant height and pest and weed infestations between the treatments.  At the harvesting field day, farmers observe the number of panicles per hill, number of grains per panicle including color, size, weight, grain and the yield difference compared with the FDP treatment and broadcast application of fertilizers.

Those are the effective tools for the dissemination of technologies and will help the participants to benefit from the technologies.

7.    Motivational Field Visits
Motivational field trips are cross visits for farmers in a new area, accompanied by their SAAO and FMO, to visit and exchange views with those in an area that can show the benefits of the technology. Normally, about 40 farmers, men and women, along with the SAAO and upazila agricultural officer (UAO) are taken from a less developed area to an area where FDP technology is widely established. Therefore, the visits can occur only when there is something to show.

8.    Motivational Meeting with Farmers
AAPI makes continual efforts to hold farmers' attention to the FDP technology and its benefits. A key lesson learned from previous experience was that the Guti urea adopters from previous years required re-educating. The project uses farmer meetings as an effective way to remind farmers of the benefits that they received in the earlier season with Guti urea and to renew their commitment in the new season.

9.    Motivational Workshops
Motivational meetings are part of the campaign to mobilize the private sector, media and local government officials to increase their awareness of the benefits of FDP and AWD technology and to solicit their support to promote the technology. The activity is managed within an upazila as a stakeholder workshop with community and religious leaders, NGOs, leaders of local organizations and Integrated Pest Management/ Integrated Crop Management (IPM/ICM) clubs, government departments, banks, fertilizer dealers, briquette shop owners and educational institutions.

10.    Open Sky Show
To complement technology transfer activities that raise awareness, the AAPI project holds open sky shows that entertain as well as teach. It is a method of extension that can reach a large number of target beneficiaries in a short period of time. The open sky show on UDP shows several popular drama series about UDP technology. It is generally held in a village bazaar, an open space in front of the school, Madrasha or union Parishad. Being an open air show, it is more of a dry-season activity in order to avoid rain.

Open sky shows are part of the campaign to increase farmer's awareness of the benefits of FDP and AWD technology. They are held in villages where farmers gather in a place to watch motivational and awareness building videos regarding FDP and AWD technology in overhead projectors under the open sky.

11.    Orientation Training Programs for Demo and Trial Farmers
Orientation trainings are provided to those farmers who will engage in setting up of demo and trail plots. These farmers are chosen from those who have already trained in FDP technology use in previous seasons.

12.    Media Coverage
The project invites members of the electronic and print media to all activities. Local journalists, photographers and cameramen attend many of the workshops and field days, and the events are reported on local channels and in newspapers.

13.    Promotion Campaign
To support technology transfer and create farmer awareness and interest AAPI engages in aggressive advertising and promotion campaign, including extensive use of local advertising and promotional materials and mass media, this is complemented by participation in DAE agricultural fairs.

14.    Sale of Briquette Machines
In order to compensate the demand growth of FDP, AAPI addresses the supply factors by identifying potential entrepreneurs for investment in FDP briquette machines. These entrepreneurs are identified through direct contacts and Bangladesh Fertilizer Association (BFA) referrals. Linkages between FDP briquette machines fabrication shops and entrepreneurs is also be intensified.

15.    Market Assessment
A fertilizer market assessment will indentify factors that contribute to market inefficiencies and constrain farmer access. This will also serve as the basis for policy dialogue.

16.    Stakeholder workshop
Stakeholder workshops are held in order to extend impact of Public Private Partnership (PPP) and support its sustainability by building human capacity with institutional stakeholders. In this process active participation of various community leaders such as Imams will receive increased attention.
Participation of women in all activities will continue to be emphasized to achieve a 25 percent participation level.

17. Gender - Women Participation 
AAPI aims to bring women into mainstream activities, participation of women in all activities will continue to be emphasized to achieve a 25 percent participation level.

AAPI has four program components, each of which addresses an objective. In addition, the AAPI project has a cross-cutting target that at least 20% of participants in all activities will be women.

Gender - Women Participation 
4.    FDP Demonstrations 
Demonstrations plots are established to improve farmer's knowledge on FDP and AWD technology application and benefits. Site is selected carefully and cooperating farmers are selected to be trained to set up demo plots under supervision of AAPI officers. Demonstrations plots exhibit the physical difference between FDP treatments with balanced dose of fertilizers and broadcast application fertilizers.

5.    Field Trials
The trials are used to investigate effect of a certain treatment under closely managed field conditions. Site selection is similar to that for demonstrations, but more care goes into selecting the farmer and monitoring the performance. Respective farmers are trained before trial plots are set. Most trials assess effect of NPK deep placement. There are four unreplicated treatments in each trial. Replication comes from the number of locations where trial is repeated. The same methodology is applied for crop cut as indicated above.

Technical Training for Briquette Machine Owner and Operator
Briquette Machines and Sales Promotion by Briquette Owners   
Training on Applicator Operation
AAPI Activities
Briquette Machine
List of Briquette Machine